The Piracy & Armed Robbery Prone Areas and Warnings section below follows the definition of Piracy as laid down in Article 101 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and Armed Robbery as laid down in Resolution A.1025 (26) adopted on 2 December 2009 at the 26th Assembly Session of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
Mariners are warned to be cautious and to take necessary precautionary measures when transiting the following areas:
Reporting of incidents on Piracy and Armed Robbery occuring anywhere in the world:
Ships are advised to monitor the IMB PRC broadcasts via InMARSAT Safety Net Service to be aware of the areas of risk and concern inorder to maintain anti-piracy / armed robbery watches while in these waters. Please report all actual and attempted piratical and armed robbery attacks and suspicious sightings to the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
The Centre’s 24 Hours Anti Piracy HELPLINE is: + 60 3 2031 0014
SOUTH EAST ASIA AND INDIAN SUB CONTINENT
Indonesia: Tanjung Priok – Jakarta, off Bintan Island, off Karimun Island and Belawan anchorage and surrounding waters. Pirates / robbers normally armed with guns / knives and / or machetes. Generally be vigilant in other areas. Many attacks may have gone unreported. Pirates / robbers normally attack vessel during the night. When spotted and alarm sounded, the pirates / robbers usually escape without confronting the crew.
The Indonesian Marine Police have advised all ships intending to anchor to do so at / near the following areas where Indonesian Marine Police will conduct patrols for greater protection.
1. Belawan: 03:55.00N-098:45.30E
2. Dumai: 01:42.00N-101:28.00E
3. Nipah: 01:07.30N-103:37.00E
4. Tanjung Priok: 06:00.30S-106:54.00E
5. Gresik: 07:09.00S-112:40.00E
6. Taboneo: 04:41.30S-114:28.00E
7. Adang bay: 01:40.00S-116:40.00E
8. Muara Berau: 00:17.00S-117:36.00E
9. Muara Jawa: 01:09.00S-117:13.00E
10. Balikpapan: 01:22.00S-116:53.00E
11. Bintan Island: 01:21.00N-104:29.00E
Ships are advised to maintain strict anti-piracy watch and measures and report all attacks and suspicious sightings to the local authorities and IMB Piracy Reporting Centre. The IMB PRC will also liaise with the local authorities to render necessary assistance.
Malacca Straits: Although the number of attacks have dropped substantially due to the increase and aggressive patrols by the littoral states authorities since July 2005, ships are advised to continue maintaining strict anti-piracy / robbery watches when transiting the Straits. Currently, there are no indications as to how long these patrols will continue or reduce .
Singapore Straits: Vessels are advised to remain vigilant and to continue maintaining adequate anti-piracy / robbery watch and measures. Pirates / robbers attack ships while underway or while at anchor especially during the night.
South China Sea: Although attacks have dropped significantly in the vicinity off Anambas / Natuna / Mangkai islands / Subi Besar / Merundung areas, vessels are advised to continue to remain vigilant. A number of product tankers have been reported hijacked off the coast of Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore in the South China Sea.
Bangladesh: Robbers targeting ships preparing to anchor. Most attacks reported at Chittagong anchorages and approaches. Attacks in Bangladesh have fallen significantly over the past few years because of the efforts by the Bangladesh Authorities.
AFRICA AND RED SEA
Nigeria (Lagos): Pirates / robbers are often well armed, violent and have attacked, hijacked and robbed vessels / kidnapped crews along the coast, rivers, anchorages, ports and surrounding waters. Attacks reported up to about 170nm from coast. Pirates have hijacked vessels for several days, ransacked and looted the crew and ship properties and stolen its cargo, usually gas oil. Crewmembers have been injured and kidnapped during the attacks. Generally, all waters in Nigeria remain risky. Vessels are advised to be vigilant, as many attacks may have gone unreported.
Benin (Cotonou): Although the number of attacks has dropped significantly, these waters remain an area of concern. Past attacks have showed that the pirates / robbers in this area are well armed and violent. In some incidents, vessels have reported being fired up on. Vessels have been hijacked and forced to sail to unknown locations where ship’s properties and cargos have been reported as stolen (gas oil). Crewmembers have been injured during some of these incidents. Joint patrols by Benin and Nigerian Authorities has resulted in a drop in the number of attacks. However, vessels are advised to continue to be vigilant and maintain strict anti-piracy / robbery watches and measures.
Togo (Lome): Even though the reported attaches have decreased, these waters remain an area of concern. Pirates / robbers in the area are well armed, violent and dangerous. Attacks have occurred at anchorages as well as off shore and usually at night. Some attacks resulted in vessels being hijacked for several days and ransacked and part cargo stolen (gas oil).
Ivory Coast: Abidjan: Attacks have decreased but these waters remain an area of concern.
The Congo: Pointe Noire
Egypt: Attacks reported at Suez and Alexandria anchorages.
Red Sea / Gulf of Aden / Somalia / Arabian Sea / Indian Ocean: Attacks related to Somali pirates have reduced. However, the risk of being approached or attacked still exists. Vessels are advised and encouraged to remain vigilant and comply with all BMP4 procedures. The threat of these attacks still exist in the waters off southern Red Sea / Bab el Mandeb, Gulf of Aden, including Yemen and the northern Somali coast, Arabian sea / off Oman, Gulf of Oman and off the eastern and southern Somali coast. In the past vessels have been attacked off Kenya, Tanzania, Seychelles, Madagascar, Mozambique as well as in the Indian ocean and off the west and south coasts of India and west Maldives. Incidents have also been reported close to the east African coastlines.
Somali pirates tend to be well armed with automatic weapons and RPG and sometimes use skiffs launched from mother vessels, which may be hijacked fishing vessels or dhows, to conduct attacks far from the Somali coast. Masters and ship owners are encouraged to follow the latest BMP procedures and ensure that the vessel is hardened prior to entering the High Risk Area. While transiting through these waters it is essential to maintain a 24-hour visual and radar watch. Early sightings / detection enable an accurate assessment, keeping in mind the warnings and alerts for the area, allowing the Masters and PCASP to make informed decisions to keep clear of small boats, dhows, fishing vessels and if necessary take evasive actions, increase speed, request assistance as needed.
Masters are reminded that fishermen in this region may try to protect their nets by attempting to aggressively approach merchant vessels. Some of the fishermen may be armed to protect their catch and they should not be confused with pirates.
SOUTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN WATERS
Ecuador: Guayaquil. Attacks stopped but ships advised to be vigilant.
Reporting of Somali piracy incidents only - please contact below immediately
UKMTO: Tel: +971 50 552 3215, Fax: +971 4 306 5710, Email: UKMTO@eim.ae
MSCHOA: Tel: +44 (0) 1923 958545, Fax: +44 (0) 1923 958520, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
NATO: Tel: +44 (0) 1923 956574, Fax: +44 (0) 1923 956575. Email: email@example.com
IMB PRC: Tel: +60 3 2031 0014, Fax: +60 3 2078 5769, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
Reporting of incidents occuring anywhere in the world
Ships are advised to maintain strict anti-piracy watches and report all piratical attacks (actual and attempted) and suspicious sightings to the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Tel: +60 3 2078 5763 Fax: +60 3 2078 5769 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Centre’s 24 Hours Anti-Piracy HELPLINE is: +60 3 2031 0014
IMB Maritime Security Hotline
The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) has also launched a dedicated hotline for seafarers, port workers, shipping agents, shipyard personnel, brokers, stevedores, and all concerned parties to report any information that they may have seen / heard / known etc. relating to maritime crime and security including terrorism, piracy and other illegal activities.
All information received will be treated in strict confidence and will be passed on to relevant Authorities for further action. Maritime crime and security concerns us all and with your help, we can try to minimize the risks and help save lives and property.
The Maritime Security Hotline can be contacted 24 hours every day at :
Tel: +60 3 2031 0014 Fax: +60 3 2078 5769 E-mail: email@example.com
REMEMBER: Your information may save lives. All information will be treated in strict confidence.